If there is a deficiency of calcium in the body, then this condition is called hypocalcemia. When there is too little calcium left in the blood, hypocalcemia is formed.
Calcium is needed for the body to function properly. Calcium can affect the way the nerves, muscles, digestive tract, kidneys and heart function.
Let us know why there is a deficiency of calcium in children and what are the signs of it in children.
signs of calcium deficiency
The symptoms of calcium deficiency depend on the age of the child. Symptoms are also seen on how much the serum calcium level has decreased and how fast it has decreased.
The most common symptoms of calcium deficiency include irritability, muscle twitching, tremors, eating less food, fatigue, seizures, trouble breathing, and difficulty walking or using the hands.
Also read: Nutritional deficiency occurs in children even after eating more, how parents recognize its symptoms
Why does calcium deficiency occur?
There are many reasons for the lack of calcium in the body. It is common in premature babies and low birth weight babies because their parathyroid glands are less mature. Babies who have difficulty in delivery or whose mothers have endocrine disorders such as diabetes or elevated serum calcium levels may be calcium deficient.
There itself Vitamin D deficiency causes Calcium deficiency can also occur. Abnormality of magnesium in the blood and some medicines can also reduce calcium.
Its genetic causes include disturbances in vitamin D metabolism, disturbances in the production or function of PTH.
treatment of calcium deficiency
Calcium deficiency is treated on the basis of its cause and severity. In some mild cases, hypocalcemia may not need treatment and may go away on its own. Many people are given a calcium or vitamin D pill.
In some severe cases, calcium is also injected into the blood from a vein.
Also read: These things will be given to children by mixing them with milk, then they will get double the nutrition and energy
how to get calcium from food
Children aged one to three years need 700 mg of calcium daily. A child between the ages of 4 and 8 needs 1,000 mg of calcium. At the same time, a child of 9 to 18 years has to take 1300 mg of calcium daily.
Calcium can be given to the child through food. Some foods contain high amounts of calcium. Milk, curd, cheese etc. are the best sources of calcium.
Apart from this, calcium is also found in tofu, soy drinks, soybeans, broccoli, kale and green leafy vegetables, almonds, sesame seeds, kidney beans, chickpeas, oranges, figs.