Neural tube defects in hindi: Due to these mistakes in pregnancy, the child becomes a victim of the defect, treatment is not even available

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The nervous system is a very important structure in the human body. The first thing in the early stage of embryo formation is the development of the nervous system. The small tissue of the neural tube forms the parts of the nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
In the early stages of pregnancy, when the fetus is developing, the neural tube usually forms within two weeks of conception. These small tubes are ribbon-like, which later develop into the brain, spinal cord and nerves.
For some reason, abnormalities in this neural tube begin to occur, due to which disturbances in the development of the baby’s brain, spinal cord and nerves begin. Such disorders affecting these vital organs are known as neural tube defects. Spina bifida and anencephaly are the two main types.
Know more about what causes or deficiencies during pregnancy, due to which neural tube defects are born in the baby.

folic acid deficiency

Folic acid or vitamin B is very important for the development of the fetus. Doctors recommend starting taking folic acid even before conceiving.

Folic acid is essential for maintaining the healthy development of the cytoskeleton as it makes up the nervous system. When there is not enough folic acid in the mother’s body, then complications start to arise in this condition.

Also read: Once done, it is never cured, birth defects in children can be prevented only in pregnancy

Gestational diabetes

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Severe forms of gestational diabetes are believed to increase the risk of neural tube defects in children because the genes responsible for this defect are directly affected by diabetes.

drugs and cigarettes

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Sometimes certain medications can also affect the development of fetal organs. The drugs used to prevent the mother from having seizures put the baby most at risk of neural tube defects.

Nicotine and cigarettes are known to destroy folic acid in the mother’s body and also increase the risk of neural tube disorders in the baby.

Also read: Some children become victims of this heart disease in the mother’s stomach, they have to face the problem for life.

treatment of neural tube defects

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There are options available to treat certain types of neural tube disorders. Based on the condition of the mother and the child, only this doctor will be able to tell which treatment will be right for you.

The following treatments are available for mild cases of spina bifida:

  • If there is a puncture in the spinal cord or it is protruding out of the body, then it can be repaired with surgery.
  • Whereas, when fluid accumulates in or around the brain, a small deep tube is placed to remove this fluid.

Treating other symptoms

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Other symptoms of neural tube disorders can be treated with medications or catheters. Whereas there is no cure for its severe cases such as anencephaly because the child does not live long in this.

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