World Population Day 2021: You may not know about these methods of contraception, know

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World Population Day 2021 : World Population Day is celebrated across the world on 11 July every year. Its purpose is to make people aware of the problems related to population around the world. Issues related to family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health and human rights are discussed under awareness. The increasing population is also becoming the cause of many problems for our country. The reason for this is also believed to be the lack of information related to birth control. In fact, sterilization, condoms and birth control pills are the most prevalent forms of birth control in our country. Whereas according to NHSUK, there are also many contraceptive methods about which public awareness is limited. So let us know today what are the other methods of birth control which can be easily adopted.

1. Use of Condoms

It is a method of male contraception made of latex or polyurethane that protects against birth control as well as sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS.

2. Use of Female Condoms

This contraceptive is applied in the vagina of women, which keeps the sperm inside the condom and prevents it from going inside the uterus. It also protects against sexually transmitted diseases.

3. Use of the Diaphragm

The diaphragm is actually a flexible rimmed cup made of latex or silicone that is fitted inside the vagina on the advice of doctors so that the egg cannot be fertilized. Explain that after sex, the diaphragm is kept inside the vagina for at least 6 hours.

4. Use of vaginal ring

This is a small plastic ring that is placed inside the vagina. The vaginal ring continuously mixes hormones like estrogen and progestogen into the blood, which can prevent pregnancy.

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5. Use of Intrauterine Device

It is a long lasting contraception. It is both copper and hormonal and can be used for three years to twelve years.

6.Use of Contraceptive Pills

There are actually two types of birth control pills. One is a combined pill that contains estrogen and progestogen hormones while the other is only contains progestogen hormones. Both of these have to be consumed daily once a day.

7.Emergency Contraceptive Pills

It has to be taken within 72 hours of having unprotected sex. The hormone present in it is synthetic, so it is also harmful for the body.

8.Male sterilization

One is a small operation in which the men’s tube that carries sperm from the testes to the penis is cut. There is no effect on sex after this procedure. This remedy is permanent.

9.Female Sterilization

This is also a permanent remedy in which the fallopian tubes are blocked with the help of an operation so that the eggs do not reach the womb and the woman does not become pregnant.

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10.Contraceptive Injection

It has to be applied once in a month or once in three months on the advice of the doctor. It works just like birth control pills. Its effect lasts for 8 to 13 weeks.

11.Contraceptive Implant

The contraceptive implant is a small, thin plastic rod that is inserted into the inner skin of a woman’s arm. It contains the hormone etonogestrel which slowly gets into the blood. It provides protection against pregnancy for up to 4 years at most.

12.Contraceptive Patch

It is a type of contraceptive patch that women can apply on their abdomen, back, arms and hips. It contains hormones estrogen and progesterone which do not allow the eggs to come out of the ovary. One patch provides protection for up to three weeks.

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