CAATSA: America’s law, which threatens to ban India from buying S-400 from Russia

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Russia has started the delivery of the S-400 missile system to India. Since then, the threat of US sanctions on India has also increased. On several occasions, the US administration had also appealed to India not to buy S-400 missile systems from Russia. In response to these threats from America, India had said every time that it was committed to completing this defense deal with Russia. Dmitry Shugaev, director of Russia’s Federal Service for Military Technical Cooperation, said at the Dubai Air Show that the supply of S-400 systems to India has started.

What did the US Defense Secretary say on the sanctions?
When US Defense Secretary General Lloyd J Austin, who visited India this year, was asked about the sanctions regarding the S-400, he said that what kind of restrictions on the weapon which has not been delivered yet. But, now the deliveries of the S-400 have started. In such a situation, America can impose sanctions on India through CAATSA Act. Know everything about this act…

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What is CAATSA Act?
CAATSA stands for Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act. America made it as a punitive act to protest against its rivals. This law was first enacted on 2 August 2017. After which it was implemented in January 2018. The purpose of this law is to counter the aggression of America’s enemy countries Iran, Russia and North Korea.

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Which countries can the US impose sanctions on?
The CATSA Act gives the President of the United States the power to impose at least 5 of the 12 on individuals and countries associated with the military and intelligence sectors from these countries. The President of America can impose export restrictions on the country concerned. Due to this, that country may have to face sanctions related to US defense and trade. Not only this, America can stop the export of nuclear related items to such countries.

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India may be exempted from sanctions
The demand for exempting India from CATSA laws has been raised many times in the US Parliament. The Obama administration, the Trump administration and the Biden administration have also shown a soft stance towards India regarding these sanctions. In 2018, during the joint conference of the US Senate and the House Armed Services Committee, there was talk about exempting India from CATSA laws. During this it was said that the US will amend section 231 of CAATSA of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) – 2019.

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What is the harm to America by sanctions on India?
In fact, the Obama administration had given India the status of a strategic partner. After which there was a lot of momentum in the defense agreements between India and America. After this, India has finalized several agreements with the US including Apache attack helicopter, Chinook heavy lift helicopter, MH-60R Romeo helicopter, new consignment of P-8I aircraft. If the US imposes sanctions on India, the strategic partner status will automatically end. This could deal a big blow to America’s defense sales.

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What would it mean if America gave exemption to India?
If America does not impose sanctions on India, then it will be considered a victory of Indian diplomacy. India has done many great things to enhance the country’s credibility at the international level and at the diplomatic level. India is the world’s largest arms buyer country, in such a situation America would not want to lose its hands from such a market. Not only this, America needs India very much to control the increasing aggression of China in the South China Sea.

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