A United Nations report warns that the Earth’s temperature may temporarily rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius in the next five years. This report released on Wednesday stated that there is now a 40 per cent probability that global temperature will temporarily rise to 1.5 ° C above pre-industrial levels in the next five years. It has also been said that the percentage of probability is increasing rapidly year after year.
The world is approaching the Paris climate agreement
The world is already crossing the long-term warming 1.5-degree threshold set in the Paris Climate Agreement. Scientists warn that this is the last limit to avoid the most devastating effects of climate change. The Paris Agreement aims to see temperatures above the 30-year average instead of one year.
Raising temperature will show disastrous results
As the temperature rises, the rate of evaporation increases and warmer air can hold more moisture. Climate change can also change circulation patterns in the atmosphere and ocean. The WMO report predicts the possibility of tropical cyclones rising in the Atlantic Ocean. This is likely to cause drought in the southwest of North America. Not only this, there can be floods in the Sahel of Africa and Australia.
United Nations told the alarm bell
United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Secretary-General Pateri Talas said that this underscores that we have come closer to that boundary. Not only this, we are getting closer to this danger in the coming years. Talas has called the study a wake-up alarm bell to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The record of the hottest year can be made in the next 5 years
According to the study, from 2021 to 2025, it is expected to be warmer by at least 1 degree Celsius every year. The report also predicted a 90 percent probability that one of those years could be the hottest year in Aaj Tak’s history compared to 2016.
NASA scientist said – this will give unbearable pain
According to the WMO report, one of the three hottest years recorded so far was the global average temperature in 2020 at 1.2 ° C above the pre-industrial baseline. Gavin Schmidt, director of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City, said that while annual temperatures have been fluctuating slightly, these long-term trends are unbearable.
Impact will be seen in all areas of the world
This NASA scientist kept on warning that it seems certain that we are going to cross these limits. And this is because there is a delay in the system, inertia in the system and we have not yet actually made major reductions in global emissions. The WMO said that almost all areas are likely to warm up in the next five years compared to recent times.
Prediction made on many strong evidences
WMO uses temperature data from several sources, including NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The temperature changes are occurring at both average and extreme temperatures, said Russell Voss, head of the climate analysis and synthesis branch at NOAA’s National Center for Environmental Information. Warmer temperatures also affect regional and global rainfall.