spread by bats?
Scientists believe that the virus present in horseshoe bats can infect humans directly or through an animal like pangolin. Many types of corona virus live in these bats, especially the viruses that cause COVID-2 and SARS. In the new study, with the help of remote sensing, such areas were seen where these bats live and the use of land there was understood. From Western Europe to Southeast Asia, areas of shrinking forest, human habitation and agriculture were understood to be where bats live. Of these, such places were identified where the virus could be transmitted from bats to humans.
Have to take care of the effect on health
The analysis also found that with the change in land use, some of these areas may also become hot-spots. “Changing land use has a significant impact on people’s health because we are changing the environment and getting closer to diseases caused by zoonotic viruses,” said study co-researcher Paolo Di’Odorico, from UC Berkeley. Huh.’ He said that while formally transforming land, attention should also be paid to the environment and society, carbon stock, microclimate and availability of water, as well as chain reactions that can affect people’s health.
Where will these hot-spots be?
Many of these hot-spots are in China where demand for meat-related products has increased. Because of this, animal rearing is being done on a large scale. Living so close to a similar population of genetics in one place increases the chances of an epidemic spreading rapidly. The analysis also found that Japan, the northern Philippines and near Shanghai in China can become hotspots due to the shortening of forests. At the same time, this can happen due to the increase in the number of animals near India-China and also in Thailand.
threat to biodiversity
Professor Maria Cristina of the University of Milan has expressed the hope that with the help of this study, necessary steps will be taken in time to prevent the spread of the epidemic. Humans entering the natural habitat of animals can also increase the risk of diseases that also affect biodiversity. Because of this, threats to some species give opportunities for other species, such as bats, to flourish. A similar pattern was also observed during the Ebola virus in Africa.